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Rates of age- and amyloid β-associated cortical atrophy in older adults with superior memory performance.

Authors: Ames D, Dang C, Doecke JD, Fripp J, Harrington KD, Hickey M, Laws SM, Lim YY, Maruff P, Masters CL, Rainey-Smith S, Rowe CC, Salvado O, Snyder PJ, Sohrabi HR, Villemagne VL, Weinborn M, Xia Y, Yassi N

Journal: Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis assessment & disease monitoring

DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.05.005

Year Published: 2019

Introduction: Superior cognitive performance in older adults may reflect underlying resistance to age-associated neurodegeneration. While elevated amyloid β (Aβ) deposition (Aβ+) has been associated with increased cortical atrophy, it remains unknown whether “SuperAgers” may be protected from Aβ-associated neurodegeneration. Methods: Neuropsychologically defined SuperAgers (n = 172) and cognitively normal for age (n = 172) older […]

Clinical meaningfulness of subtle cognitive decline on longitudinal testing in preclinical AD.

Authors: Amariglio RE, Buckley R, Johnson KA, Maruff P, Masters CL, Mormino E, Papp KV, Rentz DM, Sperling RA, Villemagne VL

Journal: Alzheimer's & Dementia

DOI: 10.1016/j.jalz.2019.09.074

Year Published: 2019

INTRODUCTION: Demonstrating the “clinical meaningfulness” of slowing early cognitive decline in clinically normal (CN) older adults with elevated amyloid-β (Aβ+) is critical for Alzheimer’s disease secondary prevention trials and for understanding early cognitive progression. METHODS: Cox regression analyses were used to determine whether 3-year slopes on the preclinical Alzheimer’s cognitive composite predicted MCI diagnosis and […]

Associating Cognition With Amyloid Status Using Partially Ordered Set Analysis.

Authors: Bian S, Carr SJA, Chen Z, Enayetallah A, He P, Jaeger J, Lerner A, Maruff P, Maserejian N, Tatsuoka C, Wang W, Wang Y

Journal: Frontiers in Neurology

DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00976

Year Published: 2019

Background: The presence of brain amyloid-beta positivity is associated with cognitive impairment and dementia, but whether there are specific aspects of cognition that are most linked to amyloid-beta is unclear. Analysis of neuropsychological test data presents challenges since a single test often requires drawing upon multiple cognitive functions to perform well. It can thus be […]

Applications of amyloid, tau, and neuroinflammation PET imaging to Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment.

Authors: Chandra A, Cousins O, Dervenoulas G, Pagano G, Politis M, Valkimadi PE

Journal: Human brain mapping

DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24782.

Year Published: 2019

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a devastating and progressive neurodegenerative disease for which there is no cure. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered a prodromal stage of the disease. Molecular imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) allows for the in vivo visualisation and tracking of pathophysiological changes in AD and MCI. PET is a very promising […]

Duration of preclinical, prodromal, and dementia stages of Alzheimer’s disease in relation to age, sex, and APOE genotype.

Authors: Blennow K, Bos I, Freund-Levi Y, Handels R, Kern S, Maruff P, Muniz-Terrera G, Olde Rikkert M, Ousset PJ, Scheltens P, Sikkes SAM, Skoog I, Soininen H, Spiru L, Tsolaki M, van den Hout A, van der Flier WM, Verhey FRJ, Vermunt L, Visser PJ, Wallin ÅK, Zetterberg H

Journal: Alzheimer's & Dementia

DOI: 10.1016/j.jalz.2019.04.001

Year Published: 2019

INTRODUCTION: We estimated the age-specific duration of the preclinical, prodromal, and dementia stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and the influence of sex, setting, apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype, and cerebrospinal fluid tau on disease duration. METHODS: We performed multistate modeling in a combined sample of 6 cohorts (n = 3268) with death as the end stage […]

Automated segmentation of medial temporal lobe subregions on in vivo T1-weighted MRI in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease.

Authors: Das SR, de Flores R, Ding SL, Manjón JV, Piskin V, Pluta J, Wang H, Wisse LEM, Wolk DA, Xie L, Yushkevich PA

Journal: Human brain mapping

DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24607

Year Published: 2019

Medial temporal lobe (MTL) substructures are the earliest regions affected by neurofibrillary tangle pathology-and thus are promising biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, automatic segmentation of the MTL using only T1-weighted (T1w) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is challenging due to the large anatomical variability of the MTL cortex and the confound of the dura mater, […]

Klotho allele status is not associated with Aβ and APOE ε4-related cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease.

Authors: Ames D, Burnham SC, Groth D, Laws SM, Lim YY, Martins RN, Maruff P, Masters CL, Milicic L, Porter T, Rainey-Smith S, Rowe CC, Salvado O, Savage G, Verdile G, Villemagne VL

Journal: Neurobiology of Aging

DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2018.12.014

Year Published: 2019

The longevity gene Klotho (KL), specifically the functional KL-VS variant, has previously been associated with cognition and rates of cognitive decline. This study aimed to determine whether KL-VS associations with cognition were observable in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The study also aimed to determine whether there was a combined influence of KL-VS, neocortical amyloid-β (Aβ) […]

Subjective cognitive decline and rates of incident Alzheimer’s disease and non-Alzheimer’s disease dementia.

Authors: Berkhof J, Brodaty H, Buckley R, Cavedo E, Dardiotis E, Guillo-Benarous F, Hampel H, Jessen F, Kochan NA, Kornhuber J, Lista S, Luck T, Maruff P, Molinuevo JL, Reisberg B, Riedel-Heller SG, Risacher SL, Roehr S, Sachdev PS, Saykin AJ, Scarmeas N, Scheltens P, Shulman MB, Sikkes SAM, Slot RER, van der Flier WM, Verfaillie SCJ, Visser PJ, Vos SJB, Wagner M, Wolfsgruber S

Journal: Alzheimer's & Dementia

DOI: 10.1016/j.jalz.2018.10.003

Year Published: 2019

INTRODUCTION: In this multicenter study on subjective cognitive decline (SCD) in community-based and memory clinic settings, we assessed the (1) incidence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and non-AD dementia and (2) determinants of progression to dementia. METHODS: Eleven cohorts provided 2978 participants with SCD and 1391 controls. We estimated dementia incidence and identified risk factors using […]

Online study partner-reported cognitive decline in the Brain Health Registry.

Authors: Camacho MR, Finley S, Flenniken D, Fockler J, Insel PS, Mackin RS, Maruff P, Nosheny RL, Truran D, Ulbricht A, Weiner MW, Yaffe K

Journal: Alzheimer's & Dementia

DOI: 10.1016/j.trci.2018.09.008

Year Published: 2018

Introduction: Methods for efficiently identifying cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are a critical unmet need. The goal of this work was to validate novel online study partner (SP)-reported outcomes to identify cognitive decline in older adults. Methods: In older adults enrolled in the Brain Health Registry, we analyzed associations between SP-reported cognitive decline, measured […]

Patient perspectives of the experience of a computerized cognitive assessment in a clinical setting.

Authors: Feng TL, Hayden S, Lai JA, Robillard JM, Wu JM

Journal: Alzheimer's and Dementia

DOI: 10.1016/j.trci.2018.06.003

Year Published: 2018

Introduction: Computerized assessments are becoming widely accepted in the clinical setting and as a potential outcome measure in clinical trials. To gain patient perspectives of this experience, the aim of the present study was to investigate patient attitudes and perceptions of the Cognigram [Cogstate], a computerized cognitive assessment. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 […]

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Relation between retinal vascular abnormalities and working memory impairment in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Authors: Appaji A, Berendschot TTJM, Chako DM, Hiremath CV, Jacob A, Kesavan M, Nagendra B, Padmanabha A, Rao NP, Rao SV, Varambally S, Venkatasubramanian G, Webers CAB

Journal: Asian journal of psychiatry

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.101942

Year Published: 2020

Emerging evidence indicates abnormal retinal micro-vasculature in schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) and its relation to cognitive functions. However, the association of these abnormalities with the cognitive deficits in these disorders has not been examined till date.

Decreased working memory capacity among individuals with a mood disorder who have increased metabolic burden.

Authors: Babu P, Easter RE, Lamping E, Langenecker SA, Marshall DF, McInnis MG, Peterman JS, Ryan KA

Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.073

Year Published: 2020

BACKGROUND: Individuals with mood disorders experience a higher rate of obesity than the general population, putting them at risk for poorer outcomes. The relationship between obesity and a core feature of the mood disorders, neurocognition, is less understood. We examined the interaction of obesity as indexed by body mass index (BMI) and working memory performance […]

Computerised cognitive training to improve cognition including delirium following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: protocol for a blinded randomised controlled trial.

Authors: Bourke A, Davis DHJ, Greaves D, Keage HAD, Lampit A, Psaltis PJ, Smith AE, Valenzuela MJ, Worthington MG

Journal: BMJ Open

DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034551

Year Published: 2020

INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is known to improve vascular function and cardiac-related mortality rates; however, it is associated with high rates of postoperative cognitive decline and delirium. Previous attempts to prevent post-CABG cognitive decline using pharmacological and surgical approaches have been largely unsuccessful. Cognitive prehabilitation and rehabilitation are a viable yet untested […]

Longitudinal Comparison of in Clinic and at Home Administration of the Cogstate Brief Battery and Demonstrated Practice Effects in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging.

Authors: Albertson SM, Alden EC, Knopman DS, Kremers WK, Lundt ES, Machulda MM, Mielke MM, Petersen RC, Stricker NH

Journal: The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease

DOI: 10.14283/jpad.2019.35

Year Published: 2020

BACKGROUND: The Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB) is a computerized cognitive assessment that can be completed in clinic or at home. Design/Objective: This retrospective study investigated whether practice effects / performance trajectories of the CBB differ by location of administration. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants included 1439 cognitively unimpaired individuals age 50-75 at baseline participating in the Mayo Clinic […]

A fair comparison of tree-based and parametric methods in multiple imputation by chained equations.

Authors: Naylor MG, Slade E

Journal: Statistics in medicine

DOI: 10.1002/sim.8468

Year Published: 2020

Multiple imputation by chained equations (MICE) has emerged as a leading strategy for imputing missing epidemiological data due to its ease of implementation and ability to maintain unbiased effect estimates and valid inference. Within the MICE algorithm, imputation can be performed using a variety of parametric or nonparametric methods. Literature has suggested that nonparametric tree-based […]

Use of an experimental language acquisition paradigm for standardized neuropsychological assessment of learning: A pilot study in young and older adults.

Authors: Baker JE, Bruns L Jr, Hassenstab J, Lim YY, Maruff P, Masters CL

Journal: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

DOI: 10.1080/13803395.2019.1665626

Year Published: 2020

Introduction: Despite the numerous episodic memory tasks used in neuropsychological assessment, relatively few learning tasks are available, with methods lacking the complexity and sophistication to capture very subtle changes in information acquisition. Method: We adapted a previously validated associative learning task for use within an online framework, utilizing real-world stimuli, in which learning of audio-visual […]

Hippocampal segmentation for brains with extensive atrophy using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks.

Authors: Adamo S, Akhavein H, Black SE, Gao F, Goubran M, Holmes M, MacIntosh B, Martel A, Masellis M, Nestor S, Ntiri EE, Ozzoude M, Ramirez J, Scott C, Swardfager W, Swartz R

Journal: Human brain mapping

DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24811

Year Published: 2020

Hippocampal volumetry is a critical biomarker of aging and dementia, and it is widely used as a predictor of cognitive performance; however, automated hippocampal segmentation methods are limited because the algorithms are (a) not publicly available, (b) subject to error with significant brain atrophy, cerebrovascular disease and lesions, and/or (c) computationally expensive or require parameter […]

Identification of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer’s Disease in a Population of Elderly Cognitively Normal Participants.

Authors: Doecke JD, Maruff P, Mengersen K, Rousseau J, van Havre Z, Villemagne VL, White N

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-191095

Year Published: 2020

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has a long pathological process, with an approximate lead-time of 20 years. During the early stages of the disease process, little evidence of the building pathology is identifiable without cerebrospinal fluid and/or imaging analyses. Clinical manifestations of AD do not present until irreversible pathological changes have occurred. Given an opportunity to provide […]

The Effect of Hearing Aid Use on Cognition in Older Adults: Can We Delay Decline or Even Improve Cognitive Function?

Authors: Busby P, Harris D, Launer S, Lemke U, Maruff P, Sarant J, Schembri A

Journal: Journal of clinical medicine

DOI: 10.3390/jcm9010254

Year Published: 2020

Hearing loss is a modifiable risk factor for dementia in older adults. Whether hearing aid use can delay the onset of cognitive decline is unknown. Participants in this study (aged 62-82 years) were assessed before and 18 months after hearing aid fitting on hearing, cognitive function, speech perception, quality of life, physical activity, loneliness, isolation, […]

Associations of Apolipoprotein E ε4 Genotype and Ball Heading With Verbal Memory in Amateur Soccer Players.

Authors: Davies P, Freudenberg-Hua Y, Hu S, Hunter LE, Kim M, Lipton ML, Lipton RB, Srinivasan P, Stewart WF

Journal: JAMA Neurology

DOI: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2019.4828

Year Published: 2020

Importance: Emerging evidence suggests that long-term exposure to ball heading in soccer, the most popular sport in the world, confers risk for adverse cognitive outcomes. However, the extent to which the apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE ε4) allele, a common risk factor for neurodegeneration, and ball heading are associated with cognition in soccer players remains unknown. […]

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Rates of age- and amyloid β-associated cortical atrophy in older adults with superior memory performance.

Authors: Ames D, Dang C, Doecke JD, Fripp J, Harrington KD, Hickey M, Laws SM, Lim YY, Maruff P, Masters CL, Rainey-Smith S, Rowe CC, Salvado O, Snyder PJ, Sohrabi HR, Villemagne VL, Weinborn M, Xia Y, Yassi N

Journal: Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis assessment & disease monitoring

DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.05.005

Year Published: 2019

Introduction: Superior cognitive performance in older adults may reflect underlying resistance to age-associated neurodegeneration. While elevated amyloid β (Aβ) deposition (Aβ+) has been associated with increased cortical atrophy, it remains unknown whether “SuperAgers” may be protected from Aβ-associated neurodegeneration. Methods: Neuropsychologically defined SuperAgers (n = 172) and cognitively normal for age (n = 172) older […]

SuperAging: Current findings yield future challenges-A response to Rogalski and Goldberg.

Authors: Dang C, Maruff P

Journal: Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis assessment & disease monitoring

DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.05.004

Year Published: 2019

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Influence of Comorbidity of Cerebrovascular Disease and Amyloid-β on Alzheimer’s Disease.

Authors: Ames D, Chen C, Desmond PM, Fowler C, Hilal S, Kuijf H, Lim YY, Martins R, Maruff P, Masters CL, Rowe C, Salvado O, Villemagne V, Watson R, Xia Y, Yassi N, Yates P

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-191028

Year Published: 2019

BACKGROUND: Quantifying the contribution of cerebrovascular disease to the clinical and pathological profile of Alzheimer’s disease is challenging. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the influence of cerebrovascular disease, amyloid-β (Aβ), and their comorbidity on cognitive decline, hippocampal atrophy, and Aβ deposition, by evaluating data from the Australian Imaging, Biomarker and Lifestyle Study of Ageing. METHODS: […]

Identification of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer’s Disease in a Population of Elderly Cognitively Normal Participants.

Authors: Doecke JD, Maruff P, Mengersen K, Rousseau J, van Havre Z, Villemagne V, White N

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-191095

Year Published: 2019

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has a long pathological process, with an approximate lead-time of 20 years. During the early stages of the disease process, little evidence of the building pathology is identifiable without cerebrospinal fluid and/or imaging analyses. Clinical manifestations of AD do not present until irreversible pathological changes have occurred. Given an opportunity to provide […]

C-reactive protein and response to lurasidone treatment in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression: Results from a placebo-controlled trial.

Authors: Loebel A, Pikalov A, Raison CL, Siu C, Tocco M

Journal: Brain behavior and immunity

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2019.12.010

Year Published: 2019

This study sought to investigate associations between levels of high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP) prior to treatment and change in depressive symptoms and cognition in a short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression. Patients 10-17 years of age with a DSM-5 diagnosis of bipolar I depression were randomized to […]

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