Genetic polymorphism in BIN1 rather than APOE is associated with poor recognition memory among men without dementia

March 20, 2023

Authors: Kanika Mehta, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Julie A Pasco, Lana J Williams, Ken Walder, Boon Lung Ng, Veer Bala Gupta

Journal: Scientific Reports

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-20587-9

Year Published: 2022

Although several genetic polymorphisms have been linked with the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, less is known about their impact on cognitive performance among cognitively healthy individuals. Our aim was to investigate the association of the genetic variant, rs744373 in the bridging integrator 1 gene (BIN1), the strongest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease after the APOE ε4 allele, with different cognitive domains among non-demented older men. Cognitive function was measured using the CogState Brief Battery, which assessed cognitive performance across four domains: psychomotor function, visual attention, recognition memory and working memory. Linear regression analysis revealed that individuals with the BIN1 risk allele performed poorly on the recognition memory task as compared to those without the risk allele. However, this was in contrast with the individuals who harboured the APOE ε4 risk allele as they displayed better performance on the recognition task in comparison to those without the ε4 risk allele. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that demonstrates genetic variation in BIN1 to be a better predictor of recognition memory than APOE, which remains the biggest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease.

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