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Exercise effects on cognitive functioning in young adults with first-episode psychosis: FitForLife.

Authors: Ekblom Ö, Firth J, Forsell Y, Hallgren M, Schembri A, Skott M

Journal: Psychological Medicine

DOI: 10.1017/S0033291718001022

Year Published: 2018

BACKGROUND: Exercise has mood-enhancing effects and can improve cognitive functioning, but the effects in first-episode psychosis (FEP) remain understudied. We examined the feasibility and cognitive effects of exercise in FEP. METHOD: Multi-center, open-label intervention study. Ninety-one outpatients with FEP (mean age = 30 years, 65% male) received usual care plus a 12-week supervised circuit-training program, […]

The Effects of the Removal of Electronic Devices for 48 hours on Sleep in Elite Judo Athletes.

Authors: Caldwell J, Dawson B, Dunican IC, Eastwood PR, Halson SL, Jones MJ, Martin DT, Reale R

Journal: ournal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association

DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001697

Year Published: 2017

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of the removal of electronic devices (i.e., smartphones, etc.) for 48 hours on sleep quality and next-day athletic and cognitive performance in elite Judo athletes. PARTICIPANTS: Over 6 days and nights, 23 eliteAustralian Judo athletes were monitored while attending a camp at the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS). In […]

The effects of an extensive exercise programme on the progression of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Authors: Devenney KE, Lawlor B, Olde Rikkert MGM, Sanders ML, Schneider S

Journal: BMC Geriatrics

Volume & Issue: 17 & 1

Page No.: 75

DOI: 10.1186/s12877-017-0457-9

Year Published: 2017

BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions to prevent dementia and delay cognitive decline have gained considerable attention in recent years. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that regular physical activity targets brain function by increasing cognitive reserve. There is also evidence of structural changes caused by exercise in preventing or delaying the genesis of neurodegeneration. Although initial studies […]

Exercise, Sedentary Pastimes, and Cognitive Performance in Healthy Older Adults

Authors: Adrian Schembri, Brian Tal Harel, Christopher Policastro, Hillary R. Bogner, Mary Dupuis Sammel, Selamawit Negash, Steven Edward Arnold, Susanne Inez Steinberg

Journal: American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & Other Dementias

Volume & Issue: 30 & 3

Page No.: 290-298

DOI: 10.1177/1533317514545615

Year Published: 2015

Background: Moderately vigorous physical activity (MVPA) provides a protective affect against cognitive decline and cardiovascular risk factors. Less is known about sedentary pastimes or non exercise physical activity (NEPA) and cognitive performance. Method: 125 healthy adults 65 or older with no clinical evidence of cognitive impairment were enrolled. The CogState computerized neurocognitive battery was administered. […]

A combination of physical activity and computerized brain training improves verbal memory and increases cerebral glucose metabolism in the elderly.

Authors: Campbell A, Cheetham C, Darby D, Dhaliwal S, Martins RN, Maruff P, Putland E, Shah T, Sohrabi H, Verdile G, Weinborn M

Journal: Translational Psychiatry

DOI: 10.1038/tp.2014.122

Year Published: 2014

Physical exercise interventions and cognitive training programs have individually been reported to improve cognition in the healthy elderly population; however, the clinical significance of using a combined approach is currently lacking. This study evaluated whether physical activity (PA), computerized cognitive training and/or a combination of both could improve cognition. In this nonrandomized study, 224 healthy […]

Influence of BDNF Val66Met on the relationship between physical activity and brain volume.

Authors: Ames D, Bartrés-Faz D, Bourgeat P, Brown BM, Burnham S, Bush A, Ellis KA, Laws SM, Macaulay SL, Martins RN, Maruff P, Masters CL, Peiffer JJ, Rainey-Smith SR, Rembach A, Rowe CC, Taddei K, Villemagne VL

Journal: Neurology

Volume & Issue: 83 & 15

Page No.: 1345-52

DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000867

Year Published: 2014

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between habitual physical activity levels and brain temporal lobe volumes, and the interaction with the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional analysis of 114 cognitively healthy men and women aged 60 years and older. Brain volumes quantified by MRI were correlated with self-reported physical […]

Exercise, Sedentary Pastimes, and Cognitive Performance in Healthy Older Adults.

Authors: Arnold SE, Bogner HR, Harel BT, Negash S, Policastro C, Sammel MD, Schembri A, Steinberg SI

Journal: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias

Year Published: 2014

BACKGROUND: Moderately vigorous physical activity (MVPA) provides a protective affect against cognitive decline and cardiovascular risk factors. Less is known about sedentary pastimes or non exercise physical activity (NEPA) and cognitive performance. METHOD: 125 healthy adults 65 or older with no clinical evidence of cognitive impairment were enrolled. The CogState computerized neurocognitive battery was administered. […]