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Explaining Upper or Lower Extremity Crossover Effects of Visuomotor Choice Reaction Time Training.

Authors: Banzer W, Engeroff T, Gerten S, Giesche F, Niederer D, Vogt L, Wilke J

Journal: Perceptual and motor skills

DOI: 10.1177/0031512519841755

Year Published: 2019

Current evidence indicates a strong relation between improved visuomotor choice reaction time (VMRT) and a reduced risk of lower extremity injury, making both lower- and upper extremity VMRT training paradigms valuable to athletes. This investigation studied as yet unconfirmed crossover effects of upper extremity training on lower extremity performance; and we evaluated underlying relevant perceptual […]

Distinct effects of acute exercise and breaks in sitting on working memory and executive function in older adults: a three-arm, randomised cross-over trial to evaluate the effects of exercise with and without breaks in sitting on cognition.

Authors: Boraxbekk CJ, Cerin E, Dunstan DW, Eikelis N, Ellis KA, Green DJ, Heinonen I, Kingwell BA, Lambert G, Larsen R, Lautenschlager NT, Lewis J, Naylor LH, Owen N, Wennberg P, Wheeler MJ

Journal: British Journal of Sports Medicine

DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100168

Year Published: 2019

BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is associated with impaired cognition, whereas exercise can acutely improve cognition. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of a morning bout of moderate-intensity exercise, with and without subsequent light-intensity walking breaks from sitting, on cognition in older adults. METHODS: Sedentary overweight/obese older adults with normal cognitive function (n=67, 67±7 years, 31.2±4.1 kg/m2) completed three […]

Exercise effects on cognitive functioning in young adults with first-episode psychosis: FitForLife.

Authors: Ekblom Ö, Firth J, Forsell Y, Hallgren M, Schembri A, Skott M

Journal: Psychological Medicine

DOI: 10.1017/S0033291718001022

Year Published: 2019

BACKGROUND: Exercise has mood-enhancing effects and can improve cognitive functioning, but the effects in first-episode psychosis (FEP) remain understudied. We examined the feasibility and cognitive effects of exercise in FEP. METHOD: Multi-center, open-label intervention study. Ninety-one outpatients with FEP (mean age = 30 years, 65% male) received usual care plus a 12-week supervised circuit-training program, […]

Heart rate variability and cognitive function: Effects of physical effort.

Authors: Darby D, Luft CD, Takase E

Journal: Biological Psychology

DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.07.007

Year Published: 2009

This study investigated alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) and cognitive performance before and after physical effort, for 30 high-level track and field athletes (23 males and 7 females). Interbeat intervals were assessed at the baseline and during each task of a CogState cognitive battery (simple reaction time, choice reaction time, working memory, short-term memory […]

Exercise, Sedentary Pastimes, and Cognitive Performance in Healthy Older Adults.

Authors: Arnold SE, Bogner HR, Harel BT, Negash S, Policastro C, Sammel MD, Schembri A, Steinberg SI

Journal: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias

Year Published: 2014

BACKGROUND: Moderately vigorous physical activity (MVPA) provides a protective affect against cognitive decline and cardiovascular risk factors. Less is known about sedentary pastimes or non exercise physical activity (NEPA) and cognitive performance. METHOD: 125 healthy adults 65 or older with no clinical evidence of cognitive impairment were enrolled. The CogState computerized neurocognitive battery was administered. […]