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Access hundreds of peer-reviewed cognitive research papers published by leading neuroscientists using Cogstate technology.

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Preliminary exploration of a computerized cognitive battery and comparison with traditional testing in patients with high-grade glioma.

Authors: Anderson SK, Brown PD, Caine C, Cerhan JH, Johnson DR, Lachance DH, Yan E

Journal: Neuro-oncology practice

DOI: 10.1093/nop/npy013

Year Published: 2019

Background: Cognitive function is an important outcome measure in many brain tumor clinical trials, and investigators are interested in employing the most efficient methods of cognitive assessment for this purpose. Computerized testing can be appealing because of the perceived ease of use and electronic data generated. Traditional tests may have the advantage of accumulated validity […]

Explaining Upper or Lower Extremity Crossover Effects of Visuomotor Choice Reaction Time Training.

Authors: Banzer W, Engeroff T, Gerten S, Giesche F, Niederer D, Vogt L, Wilke J

Journal: Perceptual and motor skills

DOI: 10.1177/0031512519841755

Year Published: 2019

Current evidence indicates a strong relation between improved visuomotor choice reaction time (VMRT) and a reduced risk of lower extremity injury, making both lower- and upper extremity VMRT training paradigms valuable to athletes. This investigation studied as yet unconfirmed crossover effects of upper extremity training on lower extremity performance; and we evaluated underlying relevant perceptual […]

Computerized assessment of cognitive impairment among children undergoing radiation therapy for medulloblastoma.

Authors: Ashford JM, Conklin HM, Gajjar A, Harel BT, Heitzer AM, Merchant TE, Ness KK, Robinson GW, Schembri A, Swain MA, Wallace J, Wang F, Zhang H

Journal: Journal of Neuro-oncology

DOI: 10.1007/s11060-018-03046-2

Year Published: 2019

PURPOSE: Advantages to computerized cognitive assessment include increased precision of response time measurement and greater availability of alternate forms. Cogstate is a computerized cognitive battery developed to monitor attention, memory, and processing speed. Although the literature suggests the domains assessed by Cogstate are areas of deficit in children undergoing treatment for medulloblastoma, the validity of […]

Similar neurocognitive outcomes after 48 weeks in HIV-1-infected participants randomized to continue tenofovir/emtricitabine + atazanavir/ritonavir or simplify to abacavir/lamivudine + atazanavir.

Authors: Edelstein H, Maruff P, Robertson K, Ross LL, Shaefer MS, Small CB, Wohl D

Journal: Journal of Neurovirology

DOI: 10.1007/s13365-018-0680-y

Year Published: 2019

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders can persist in many patients despite achieving viral suppression while on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Neurocognitive function over 48 weeks was evaluated using a Cogstate test battery assessing psychomotor function, attention, learning, and working memory in 293 HIV-1-infected, ART-experienced, and virologically suppressed adults. The ASSURE study randomized participants 1:2 to […]

Monitoring cognitive change in multiple sclerosis using a computerized cognitive battery.

Authors: Butzkueven H, Darby D, De Meijer L, Gale J, Grobbee EJ, Haartsen J, Maruff P, Merlo D, Skibina O, Van der Walt A

Journal: Multiple sclerosis journal - experimental translational and clinical

DOI: 10.1177/2055217318815513

Year Published: 2018

Background: Cognitive monitoring that can detect short-term change in multiple sclerosis is challenging. Computerized cognitive batteries such as the CogState Brief Battery can rapidly assess commonly affected cognitive domains. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to establish the acceptability and sensitivity of the CogState Brief Battery in multiple sclerosis patients compared to controls. We […]

The association of total cholesterol with processing speed is moderated by age in mid- to late-age healthy adults.

Authors: Beeri MS, Dayman V, Elkana O, Franko M, Israel A, Segev S, Springer RR

Journal: Experimental Aging Research

DOI: 10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422585

Year Published: 2018

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nature of the association of normal levels of total cholesterol with cognitive function and the contribution of age to this association. METHODS: A sample of 61 senior executives, who were summoned for an annual medical examination with approximately four measurements of total cholesterol during 4 years, were examined with a computerized […]

Returning Adolescents to Driving after Sports-Related Concussions: What Influences Physician Decision-Making.

Authors: MacDonald J, Patel N, Stuart E, Young J

Journal: The Journal of Pediatrics

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.10.032

Year Published: 2018

Objective To determine which data collected on an initial patient clinic visit for a sports-related concussion (SRC) might influence physicians to clear an adolescent to return to drive (RTD) after injury. Study design Retrospective cohort study of 189 adolescents with a SRC referred to a hospital-based concussion clinic between June 1, 2015, and May 31, […]

A pilot evaluation of a computer-based psychometric test battery designed to detect impairment in patients with cirrhosis.

Authors: Cook NA, Crossey MM, Harel BT, Kim JU, Kimhofer T, Pasha Y, Schembri AJ, Taylor-Robinson SD

Journal: International Journal of General Medicine

DOI: 10.2147/IJGM.S140197

Year Published: 2017

BACKGROUND: Psychometric testing is used to identify patients with cirrhosis who have developed hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Most batteries consist of a series of paper-and-pencil tests, which are cumbersome for most clinicians. A modern, easy-to-use, computer-based battery would be a helpful clinical tool, given that in its minimal form, HE has an impact on both patients’ […]

Comparison of cognitive functioning as measured by the Ruff Figural Fluency Test and the CogState computerized battery within the LifeLines Cohort Study.

Authors: Kuiper JS, Oude Voshaar RC, Smidt N, Verhoeven FEA, Zuidema SU

Journal: BMC Psychology

DOI: 10.1186/s40359-017-0185-0

Year Published: 2017

BACKGROUND: The Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT; a pencil and paper test) and the CogState (a computerized cognitive test battery) are well-validated and suitable tests to evaluate cognitive functioning in large observational studies at the population level. The LifeLines Cohort Study includes the RFFT as baseline measurement and incorporated the CogState as replacement for the […]

Preliminary evidence concerning the pattern and magnitude of cognitive dysfunction in major depressive disorder using cogstate measures.

Authors: Davis MT, DellaGioia N, Esterlis I, Harel B, Maruff P, Matuskey D, Pietrzak RH

Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.064

Year Published: 2017

BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits are common in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD), and are associated with treatment non-responsiveness and poorer functional outcomes. Characterization of the nature and magnitude of deficits in this population has been limited in part by lack of brief, practical, and well-validated assessment measures. The goal of this study was to use […]

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Relation between retinal vascular abnormalities and working memory impairment in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Authors: Appaji A, Berendschot TTJM, Chako DM, Hiremath CV, Jacob A, Kesavan M, Nagendra B, Padmanabha A, Rao NP, Rao SV, Varambally S, Venkatasubramanian G, Webers CAB

Journal: Asian journal of psychiatry

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.101942

Year Published: 2020

Emerging evidence indicates abnormal retinal micro-vasculature in schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) and its relation to cognitive functions. However, the association of these abnormalities with the cognitive deficits in these disorders has not been examined till date. Hence, we explored this aspect in patients with SCZ, BD, and healthy volunteers (HV). We examined 34 […]

Decreased working memory capacity among individuals with a mood disorder who have increased metabolic burden.

Authors: Babu P, Easter RE, Lamping E, Langenecker SA, Marshall DF, McInnis MG, Peterman JS, Ryan KA

Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.073

Year Published: 2020

BACKGROUND: Individuals with mood disorders experience a higher rate of obesity than the general population, putting them at risk for poorer outcomes. The relationship between obesity and a core feature of the mood disorders, neurocognition, is less understood. We examined the interaction of obesity as indexed by body mass index (BMI) and working memory performance […]

Computerised cognitive training to improve cognition including delirium following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: protocol for a blinded randomised controlled trial.

Authors: Bourke A, Davis DHJ, Greaves D, Keage HAD, Lampit A, Psaltis PJ, Smith AE, Valenzuela MJ, Worthington MG

Journal: BMJ Open

DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034551

Year Published: 2020

INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is known to improve vascular function and cardiac-related mortality rates; however, it is associated with high rates of postoperative cognitive decline and delirium. Previous attempts to prevent post-CABG cognitive decline using pharmacological and surgical approaches have been largely unsuccessful. Cognitive prehabilitation and rehabilitation are a viable yet untested […]

Longitudinal Comparison of in Clinic and at Home Administration of the Cogstate Brief Battery and Demonstrated Practice Effects in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging.

Authors: Albertson SM, Alden EC, Knopman DS, Kremers WK, Lundt ES, Machulda MM, Mielke MM, Petersen RC, Stricker NH

Journal: The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease

DOI: 10.14283/jpad.2019.35

Year Published: 2020

BACKGROUND: The Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB) is a computerized cognitive assessment that can be completed in clinic or at home. Design/Objective: This retrospective study investigated whether practice effects / performance trajectories of the CBB differ by location of administration. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants included 1439 cognitively unimpaired individuals age 50-75 at baseline participating in the Mayo Clinic […]

A fair comparison of tree-based and parametric methods in multiple imputation by chained equations.

Authors: Naylor MG, Slade E

Journal: Statistics in medicine

DOI: 10.1002/sim.8468

Year Published: 2020

Multiple imputation by chained equations (MICE) has emerged as a leading strategy for imputing missing epidemiological data due to its ease of implementation and ability to maintain unbiased effect estimates and valid inference. Within the MICE algorithm, imputation can be performed using a variety of parametric or nonparametric methods. Literature has suggested that nonparametric tree-based […]

Use of an experimental language acquisition paradigm for standardized neuropsychological assessment of learning: A pilot study in young and older adults.

Authors: Baker JE, Bruns L Jr, Hassenstab J, Lim YY, Maruff P, Masters CL

Journal: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

DOI: 10.1080/13803395.2019.1665626

Year Published: 2020

Introduction: Despite the numerous episodic memory tasks used in neuropsychological assessment, relatively few learning tasks are available, with methods lacking the complexity and sophistication to capture very subtle changes in information acquisition. Method: We adapted a previously validated associative learning task for use within an online framework, utilizing real-world stimuli, in which learning of audio-visual […]

Hippocampal segmentation for brains with extensive atrophy using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks.

Authors: Adamo S, Akhavein H, Black SE, Gao F, Goubran M, Holmes M, MacIntosh B, Martel A, Masellis M, Nestor S, Ntiri EE, Ozzoude M, Ramirez J, Scott C, Swardfager W, Swartz R

Journal: Human brain mapping

DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24811

Year Published: 2020

Hippocampal volumetry is a critical biomarker of aging and dementia, and it is widely used as a predictor of cognitive performance; however, automated hippocampal segmentation methods are limited because the algorithms are (a) not publicly available, (b) subject to error with significant brain atrophy, cerebrovascular disease and lesions, and/or (c) computationally expensive or require parameter […]

Identification of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer’s Disease in a Population of Elderly Cognitively Normal Participants.

Authors: Doecke JD, Maruff P, Mengersen K, Rousseau J, van Havre Z, Villemagne VL, White N

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-191095

Year Published: 2020

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has a long pathological process, with an approximate lead-time of 20 years. During the early stages of the disease process, little evidence of the building pathology is identifiable without cerebrospinal fluid and/or imaging analyses. Clinical manifestations of AD do not present until irreversible pathological changes have occurred. Given an opportunity to provide […]

The Effect of Hearing Aid Use on Cognition in Older Adults: Can We Delay Decline or Even Improve Cognitive Function?

Authors: Busby P, Harris D, Launer S, Lemke U, Maruff P, Sarant J, Schembri A

Journal: Journal of clinical medicine

DOI: 10.3390/jcm9010254

Year Published: 2020

Hearing loss is a modifiable risk factor for dementia in older adults. Whether hearing aid use can delay the onset of cognitive decline is unknown. Participants in this study (aged 62-82 years) were assessed before and 18 months after hearing aid fitting on hearing, cognitive function, speech perception, quality of life, physical activity, loneliness, isolation, […]

Associations of Apolipoprotein E ε4 Genotype and Ball Heading With Verbal Memory in Amateur Soccer Players.

Authors: Davies P, Freudenberg-Hua Y, Hu S, Hunter LE, Kim M, Lipton ML, Lipton RB, Srinivasan P, Stewart WF

Journal: JAMA Neurology

DOI: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2019.4828

Year Published: 2020

Importance: Emerging evidence suggests that long-term exposure to ball heading in soccer, the most popular sport in the world, confers risk for adverse cognitive outcomes. However, the extent to which the apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE ε4) allele, a common risk factor for neurodegeneration, and ball heading are associated with cognition in soccer players remains unknown. […]

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Rates of age- and amyloid β-associated cortical atrophy in older adults with superior memory performance.

Authors: Ames D, Dang C, Doecke JD, Fripp J, Harrington KD, Hickey M, Laws SM, Lim YY, Maruff P, Masters CL, Rainey-Smith S, Rowe CC, Salvado O, Snyder PJ, Sohrabi HR, Villemagne VL, Weinborn M, Xia Y, Yassi N

Journal: Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis assessment & disease monitoring

DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.05.005

Year Published: 2019

Introduction: Superior cognitive performance in older adults may reflect underlying resistance to age-associated neurodegeneration. While elevated amyloid β (Aβ) deposition (Aβ+) has been associated with increased cortical atrophy, it remains unknown whether “SuperAgers” may be protected from Aβ-associated neurodegeneration. Methods: Neuropsychologically defined SuperAgers (n = 172) and cognitively normal for age (n = 172) older […]

SuperAging: Current findings yield future challenges-A response to Rogalski and Goldberg.

Authors: Dang C, Maruff P

Journal: Alzheimer's & dementia : diagnosis assessment & disease monitoring

DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.05.004

Year Published: 2019

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Influence of Comorbidity of Cerebrovascular Disease and Amyloid-β on Alzheimer’s Disease.

Authors: Ames D, Chen C, Desmond PM, Fowler C, Hilal S, Kuijf H, Lim YY, Martins R, Maruff P, Masters CL, Rowe C, Salvado O, Villemagne V, Watson R, Xia Y, Yassi N, Yates P

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-191028

Year Published: 2019

BACKGROUND: Quantifying the contribution of cerebrovascular disease to the clinical and pathological profile of Alzheimer’s disease is challenging. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the influence of cerebrovascular disease, amyloid-β (Aβ), and their comorbidity on cognitive decline, hippocampal atrophy, and Aβ deposition, by evaluating data from the Australian Imaging, Biomarker and Lifestyle Study of Ageing. METHODS: […]

Identification of Pre-Clinical Alzheimer’s Disease in a Population of Elderly Cognitively Normal Participants.

Authors: Doecke JD, Maruff P, Mengersen K, Rousseau J, van Havre Z, Villemagne V, White N

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-191095

Year Published: 2019

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has a long pathological process, with an approximate lead-time of 20 years. During the early stages of the disease process, little evidence of the building pathology is identifiable without cerebrospinal fluid and/or imaging analyses. Clinical manifestations of AD do not present until irreversible pathological changes have occurred. Given an opportunity to provide […]

C-reactive protein and response to lurasidone treatment in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression: Results from a placebo-controlled trial.

Authors: Loebel A, Pikalov A, Raison CL, Siu C, Tocco M

Journal: Brain behavior and immunity

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2019.12.010

Year Published: 2019

This study sought to investigate associations between levels of high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP) prior to treatment and change in depressive symptoms and cognition in a short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression. Patients 10-17 years of age with a DSM-5 diagnosis of bipolar I depression were randomized to […]

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