No Seasonal Changes in Cognitive Functioning Among High School Football Athletes: Implementation of a Novel Electrophysiological Measure and Standard Clinical Measures.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neuroelectric and cognitive function relative to a season of football participation. Cognitive and neuroelectric function declines are hypothesized to be present in football athletes. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Athletic fields and research laboratory. PATIENTS (OR PARTICIPANTS): Seventy-seven high school athletes (15.9 + 0.9 years, 178.6 + 7.2 cm, 74.4 + 14.7 kg, and […]
Executive Function in Adolescence: Associations with Child and Family Risk Factors and Self-Regulation in Early Childhood.
Executive functions are important higher-order cognitive skills for goal-directed thought and action. These capacities contribute to successful school achievement and lifelong wellbeing. The importance of executive functions to children’s education begins in early childhood and continues throughout development. This study explores contributions of child and family factors in early childhood to the development of executive […]
OBJECTIVE: To compare neurocognitive test performance of children with primary hypertension with that of normotensive controls. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five children (10-18 years of age) with newly diagnosed, untreated hypertension and 75 frequency-matched normotensive controls had baseline neurocognitive testing as part of a prospective multicenter study of cognition in primary hypertension. Subjects completed tests of general […]
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the long-term associations between breastfeeding duration during infancy, diet quality as measured by a diet score at 1 year of age, and cognitive performance during adolescence. METHODS: Participants (n = 717) were recruited from the West Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, a prospective longitudinal study of 2868 children and their […]
Knowledge that poor premorbid adjustment (PMA) precedes illness onset in many schizophrenia cases can facilitate early detection. Increasing consideration is being given to a similar early detection strategy for bipolar disorder (BPD). Results of this preliminary investigation comparing PMA in BPD (N = 53) and schizophrenia (N = 39) outpatients revealed a significant difference at […]